【写作课堂】-【社会类】住在大城市缺乏社区意识
临窗赏雨 2018-11-08     18:51 来源: 三立整理
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      【写作课堂】-【社会类】住在大城市缺乏社区意识

     今天小编同大家分享的是雅思大作文社会类话题,各位烤鸭们擦亮眼睛往下看吧!

  1.题目

  These days, people in many cities know little about their neighbors and do not have a sense of community. What do you think are the causes and what solutions can you suggest?

  2.题目翻译

  现如今,住在大城市的人们并不了解他们的邻居,也缺乏一种社区意识。你认为原因有哪些?有什么解决办法吗?

  3.题目解析

  此题考查的是话题的社会类,属于老题重现,最近几次考到的时间分别是2012年6月16日和2016年9月24日。此题的难点在于考查内容过于生活化,很难体现平时积累的素材和词汇。此题较为简单的部分在于生活共鸣感很强,所以很容易找到论点,建议同学们平时要格外加强社会类话题词汇的积累。此题的提问方式属于大作文的报告类,考查的是原因和解决办法。有相关题目如下:

  1. Many people today using mobile (Cell) phone and computers to communicate and therefore losing the ability to communicate with each other face to face. To what extent do you agree or disagree.

  2. Many people prefer to communicate with their online friends than to socialize with people in their local communities. Do you think it has more advantages than disadvantage

  4

  解题思路

  首先这篇文章我们可以采用五段式

  开头段:背景句+话题引出+引出下文

  正文段一:不了解邻居且缺乏社区意识的原因

  正文段二:如何解决上述现象

  结尾段:总结至少一个论点

  Ps:正文段如若论点够多,也可展开2段或多段

  5.确定论点

  不了解邻居且缺乏社群意识的原因:

  1)媒体过多报道相关的负面信息

  2) 随着科技的发展,现代人们没有与邻居交流的需求

  上述现象的解决办法:

  1) 居民主动与邻居交流

  2) 社区多举办相关活动,促进邻里关系

  3).媒体更多报道城市生活的正面新闻

  6.范文

  Now we have numerous newspaper reports about a child being robbed without anybody offering to help him or a ninety-year-old poor woman dead at home for days without anybody knowing it. All these reports point to one key problem city dwellers face nowadays, especially in big cities: they seldom interact with their neighbors, much less to say they care about their neighbors, and they feel lonely because they do not feel they belong to any community.

  When asked why they do not socialize with their neighbors, many people would respond by saying “Why should I? This is a dangerous city!” Indeed, modern media such as TV, newspaper and Internet have had way too much coverage about the city’s crimes like theft, robbery and murder. People constantly exposed to such reports of the dark side of the city life may harbor the idea that nobody is trustworthy, including their neighbors.

  On the other hand, people now do not feel any more the necessity to communicate with their neighbors or become part of a community. Anyway, they do not need their neighbors like they did before. They work, earn enough money and go back home to relax themselves. When they want to talk, they can just pick up their cellphone and talk to anybody in the world; when they have some brilliant ideas they want to share, they can get online with a few simple clicks and then post their ideas there.

  But we all know that confinement to oneself is no good, no matter how many friends or fans you may have online. As part of the solution to the problem, I would suggest everybody have an “Internet-free moment”. Simply put, we can set aside an hour every day, in which we try to reach out for our neighbors without a cellphone or laptop with us. Once we begin to care about real people around us, we will suddenly find ourselves living in a community that also cares about us. This experience is much more rewarding than having thousands of virtual friends who do not really know us. At the same time, all media should be fully aware of their share of responsibility in this problem, and try to bring more positive stories about the city life.

  8.范文中的高分句子

  1. All these reports point to one key problem city dwellers face nowadays, especially in big cities: they seldom interact with their neighbors, much less to say they care about their neighbors, and they feel lonely because they do not feel they belong to any community.

  解析:city dwellers face为定语从句修饰problem; interact with与...相互作用; much less to say意为更不用说,say they care about neighbors, and they feel lonely为并列的宾语从句; because后接原因状语从句; feel后接宾语从句。

  2. Indeed, modern media such as TV, newspaper and Internet have had way too much coverage about the city’s crimes like theft, robbery and murder.

  解析:such as常用于举例子,需注意后不能接句子; way too much(表示否定)太多过多; coverage意为新闻报道;theft, robbery and murder常出现于犯罪类的作文中,分别意为偷窃、抢劫和谋杀。

  1. On the other hand, people now do not feel any more the necessity to communicate with their neighbors or become part of a community.

  解析:necessity意为必要性,作为necessary的名词形式,有相关动词necessitate; communicate with相当于前面提到的interact with; or become part of a community为并列结构; part of意为不可分割,需注意与a part of的区别。

  2. Once we begin to care about real people around us, we will suddenly find ourselves living in a community that also cares about us.

  解析:once引导条件状语从句; care about意为关心、挂念; a community that also cares about us为定语从句。

  3. At the same time, all media should be fully aware of their share of responsibility in this problem, and try to bring more positive stories about the city life.

  解析:be fully aware of意为完全意识到、充分认识到; and后接并列句。

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