【雅思大作文】-【文化类】个人,企业,政府资助博物馆
Sen Ro 2018-10-22     18:22 来源: 原创
评论 0
点赞0
阅读 50
雅思
今天满分帝同大家分享的是雅思大作文文化类话题,各位烤鸭们擦亮眼睛往下看吧!
1题目
Report shows that it is increasingly expensive to keep museums open to public. Find the best way to fund museums among these funding possibilities—governments, businesses, individuals. Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
2题目翻译
报告研究表明对公众开放博物馆的代价越来越大,在所有可能的方式中,找到最好的资助方式—政府、企业还是个人?
3题目解析
1. 此题是新题,新在提问方式,常规的提问方式一般是讨论类的三种,包括:To what extent do you agree or disagree, Do advantages outweigh disadvantages, Discuss both views and give your own opinion以及报告类。突然遇到这种考题,很多同学怕是要秃了,我们试着改编下这个题目Some people think museums should be financially supported by governments, while Others think they should find financial support from other resources like business or individuals. Discuss both sides and give your opinion.改完之后的题目是不是相对顺眼多了?
2. 此题话题考察的是政府类加部分文化类,是比较典型的政府投资类题目。
3. 此题审题的难点在于best的限定,剑八有道类似的题对于best的考察,Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree? What other measures do you think might be effective?
4. 相关题目如下:
1. We live in cities or towns which have museums displaying objects of historical and cultural importance, but people do not visit them; why do you think people do not visit museums in their local areas? Why museums are important to society?
2. An increasing number of museums tend to charge admission fees from tourists rather than providing service free of charge. Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
3. Some people think that museums are getting less important, when people can have access to information on the Internet, to what extent do you agree or disagree?
4解题思路
首先这篇文章我们可以采用四段式或五段式
开头段:背景句+话题引出+观点
正文段一:政府投资博物馆的重要性
正文段二:企业投资的优势及弊端
正文段三:私人捐赠的优势及弊端
结尾段:观点+总结
Ps:正文段如若论点够多,也可展开2段或多段。同时考虑到企业和私人捐赠可能部分论点会重合,也可将两段合成一段
5确定论点
政府投资博物馆的重要性:
1.对于博物馆的保护有助于文化遗产的保护,对于年轻一代具有一定的教育作用,这是政府的职责之一
企业和私人捐赠的重要性:
1. 补充政府投资,从而减轻政府的财政压力
企业和私人捐赠的弊端:
1. 过分干预博物馆的运作,影响原有的博物馆的功能体现
6范文
Many museums have been faced with financial problems over the past years of recession and lagging economic recovery. As it is increasingly expensive to maintain museums, sufficient money must be raised from both government sources and private (either businesses or individuals) donations, in order to keep them open to public.
Investment from governments must form a bigger proportion of the income of many museums at different levels. As a major way to fund museums, the public sector should always do more, and there may be no substitutes for the government support for museums, especially in the long-lasting financial crisis when that government support is more urgently needed. Although, in the face of such adversity, museums have shown great resilience and creativity in generating new sources of revenue, those troubled institutions can only be sustained with stronger government backing. Considering that museums preserve a country’s collective memory for future generations, the importance of public funding in museums could never be overestimated.
Private donations also occupy an important part in keeping a museum, especially when government funding is limited. This way of funding can be done by providing money for new programs and spaces, as well as giving works of art as gifts to the museum’s collections. The museums may in turn tailor themselves to the needs of the donors by affording certain privileges to them, including the right to use the museum’s space to hold some special events such as promotion campaigns. This has given rise to complaints and worries in the general public that receiving individual donations may leave the museums ruined.
In my view, among all the funding possibilities, government funding should always remain the best way of operating a museum, because it can ensure the maximum independence of the museum as an institution to educate the public. Donations from the private sector are necessary only when the museum cannot obtain sufficient support from the government and are acceptable only on condition that they do not interfere with the public roles of the museum.
      范文转自“唐老雅英语写作工作室”(标红为核心论点)
7范文翻译
在过去几年的经济衰退和缓慢的经济复苏中,许多博物馆都面临着财政问题。由于维持博物馆的费用越来越高,为使其向公众开放,必须要筹集足够的资金,不管是来自政府来源还是私人(企业或个人)捐款。
来自政府的投资必须在各级博物馆的收入中占更大的比例。作为资助博物馆的一种主要方式,公共部门应该总是做得更多,政府对博物馆的支持也许是无可替代的,尤其是在长期的金融危机中,更迫切需要政府的财政支持。尽管面对这样的困境,博物馆在获得新的收入来源方面表现出极大的弹性和创造力,但对于那些陷入困境的机构只有在政府的支持下才能维持下去。考虑到博物馆为子孙后代保存一个国家的集体记忆,博物馆公共资金的重要性再怎么估计也不为过。
私人捐款在博物馆的保存中也占有重要的地位,特别是在政府资金有限的情况下。这种资助方式可以通过为新的项目和空间提供资金,或把艺术品赠送给博物馆收藏来实现。反过来,博物馆也可以根据捐款者的需要进行调整,给予他们一定的特权,包括使用博物馆举办一些特别活动,如宣传活动。这已引起普通市民的投诉和忧虑,担心接受个人捐赠可能毁掉博物馆。
在我看来,在所有的资助可能性中,政府的资助应该始终是博物馆运作的最佳方式,因为它可以最大限度地确保博物馆作为一个教育公众机构的独立性。只有当博物馆不能获得足够的政府支持时,私人领域的捐赠才是必要的,而且只有在不妨碍博物馆的公众功能的条件下才能接受。
8范文中的高分句子
1. As it is increasingly expensive to maintain museums, sufficient money must be raised from both government sources and private (either businesses or individuals) donations, in order to keep them open to public.
解析:as引导原因状语从句,increasingly相当于more and more, be raised被筹集, in order to do sth作为目的状语。Maintain意为维持,sufficient意为充足的,同义词有adequate,abundant,fraught等。
2. Although, in the face of such adversity, museums have shown great resilience and creativity in generating new sources of revenue, those troubled institutions can only be sustained with stronger government backing.
解析:although引导让步状语从句,in the face of such adversity为插入语的用法,troubled作为前置定语,be sustained被维系,被维持。Adversity意为逆境,resilience意为弹性、弹力,source of revenue意为收入来源,institution意为机构,generate意为产生。
3. Donations from the private sector are necessary only when the museum cannot obtain sufficient support from the government and are acceptable only on condition that they do not interfere with the public roles of the museum.
解析: only when引导时间状语从句,are acceptable和are necessary为并列结构,on condition that意为在...条件下。Obtain意为获得,interfere with妨碍、干预。
雅思网上报名ielts报名入口ielts报名条件 本文由 @Sen Ro 原创发布于三立在线教育。未经许可,禁止转载。
雅思写作步步为营

评论(0)

×
咨询热线
雅思考试贴士 11月有 0 场雅思考试
Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat
考试小帮手
雅思名师直通车
  • 孙中秋 国内最早一批SAT名师
    8年+教学经验
    中国地质大学硕士
    预约名师
    黄茜子 托福、AP、IB高分名师
    2年+教学经验
    加拿大渥太华大学硕士
    预约名师
    陈丽 托福、GRE高分名师
    5年+教学经验
    美研精英计划规划师
    预约名师
    沈虹余 ACT、SAT2名师
    3年+教学经验
    美国凯斯西储大学硕士
    预约名师
    丁维 托福高分名师
    5年+教学经验
    上海对外贸易大学硕士
    预约名师
  • 李现伟 三立在线创始人 CEO
    10年+教学经验
    国内权威全科教学专家
    预约名师
    关梦瑶 SAT、AP名师
    3年+教学经验
    新加坡国立大学硕士
    预约名师
    范志文 SSAT、SAT、SAT2名师
    4年+教学经验
    东华大学工科硕士
    预约名师
加入雅思学习圈
雅思学习圈
嗨词APP: iOS版下载 嗨词APP-iOS版下载 Android版下载 嗨词APP-Android版下载
进雅思答疑群,请加助教老师微信: anne020508