5个W即：when, where, who, what, why, 这种方法为口语拓展的最常用方法，当我们被要求描述一些客观事物或事件时，如：Could you describe your accommodation? Please describe your favorite traditional festival等等，时常用5W法来进行拓展，这有些类似于我们中文中的记叙文五大要素。这种方法考生最容易想到，也最好上手，我们来看下列几个范例：
A: What kind of accommodation do you live in?
（时间）：Well, my apartment is a rather old building, but recently it’s renovated（翻新）.
（地点）：Its geographical location（地理位置）is ideal with easy transportation. In fact, it’s one of the most ideal district（理想区域）in my hometown.
（人物）：The people in my neighborhood are extremely hospitable（热情好客）and warm-hearted.
B: Which cinema do you often go to?
（时间）：The cinema is recently established and it looks brand new.
（地点）：It’s within walking distance（只需步行的距离）from the apartment I live.
（什么）：The cinema hashigh quality audio facilities（高质量音响设备）.
（原因）：I love it a lot because of its excellent sound and visual effect（视听觉效果）.
C: Tell me something about your favourite traditional festival in China.
（时间）：It’s definitely spring festival, which begins on Jan.1st of lunar calendar.
（地点）：No matter where you are, on this festival, you will go back home for a family reunion.
（人物）：We usually spend this festival with friends and relatives.
（什么）：watch spring festival gala（春晚）, set off fireworks, get lucky money wrapped in red envelope（收压岁钱）
此类方法很适合于回答一些抽象或理论性问题，如被问到what’s happiness?或what’s the importance of money?又或者what’s value of education in your perspective?等问题时，很多同学会觉得问题很深奥而无从下手，这时我们就可以通过举自己的经历或自己熟悉的例子来化解抽象话题，然后再通过个例上升到总体的观点。下面我们来看几道真题范例：
A: Wow important is it for a city or town to be located near the river or the sea?
（举例子）：Let me take Hainan for example. Recently, I had a holiday in Sanya, which is located in Hainan province. In Sanya, I saw lot of visitors from both home and abroad to appreciate its golden beaches, palm trees and idyllic blue ocean（诗意的蓝色大海）.
（从例子上升到总体观点）：Therefore, I believe seaside places can benefit tremendously from its booming tourism industry（从繁荣的旅游业获利丰厚）.
B: What do you think is happiness?
（举例子）：Well, I believe happiness is quite hard to define. It may vary from one person to another. Take me for example, both my parents are very busy with their work, so it’s very rare for the whole family to sit together to have a family get together. Therefore, i always feel a tremendous sense of happiness when both my parents are home so we finally can spend some quality time together.
（再举例）：Also, I feel a sense of happiness when I finally achieve my goal after long periods of hard work.
（从例子上升到总结观点）：Therefore, I believe that happiness is not related to tangible（有形的）things such as money, wealth or fame, but is related to intangible（无形的）things. A warm family, long-lasting friendship, good health and a satisfying job can all bring people happiness.
A: what are the advantages of doing sport?
（sports之个人运动）：By doing individual sport such as jogging can help people burn up extra calories, keep fit and strengthen our hearts and lungs.
（sport之团队运动）：By doing team sport such as basketball or football can make people more team-oriented（有团队精神的）and help them to make like-minded friends（志同道合的朋友）.
B: Why do people like buying brand name products?
（brand name之服装类）：Some people buy brand name clothes to show their wealth and social status. Also, brand name clothes make them look fashionable.
（brand name之电子产品类）：Many people like to pay a lot for brand name electronic products because they think big brands have trustable quality and after-sales services（值得信赖的质量和良好的售后服务）.
C: How important is it to eat fruits and vegetables?
（对小孩）：Fruits and vegetables provide necessary nutrition for children to grow fast and healthily.
（对女性）：For ladies, eating fruit and vegetables regularly can promote blood circulation, improve their skin tone（改善肤色）and help them lose weight.
（对老人）：Fibers and various vitamins in fruits and vegetables have anti-aging effect（抗衰老功能）and can help old people stay healthy and young.
A: What makes a good teacher?
（头脑）：He must be equipped with abundant knowledge.
（嘴巴）：He should be communicative, eloquent（雄辩的）and explain his lessons in an interesting and humorous way.
（心灵）：He should be impartial（公正的）, have a high sense of responsibility and be dedicated to the cause of education.
（眼睛）：As soon as I got off the airplane, I could see the crystal blue sea, golden beaches and palm trees and feel as if I were in paradise. 还可以说watch sunrise, watch colorful coral reefs while snorkeling等。
（嘴巴）：During the trip, we tasted all kinds of delicious seafood, such as lobsters（龙虾）, crabs, oysters（牡蛎）and various fish and clams, the chef is good at mixing different flavors together to make the seafood taste fresh and yummy.
（其他感官）：We could feel the soft gentle breeze（微风）from the ocean and listen to the rhythmic sound（有韵律的声音）of the waves flapping on the seashore.